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The difference between freight and express service
Release time:2018-03-30 Browsing:620 Times

In everyday life, I always hear about the contrast between freight and courier. “How can the freight be so slow, you look at express delivery, and it’s time to invent it today?” In fact, freight and express delivery are in essence very different in many places. It is not just a single quick word that can be easily summed up, nor can it be measured from a single fast word. From the operation of freight and express delivery, to the requirements of the respective service groups are very different, their respective needs are completely different, and freight companies and express delivery companies have obvious differences.


Time difference


The difference in time can be divided into: internal and external. Internally, it mainly refers to the loading and unloading time set by the company, the docking time of the network path, the transit time in the library, etc.: The outside is mainly caused by many problems that affect the time difference between starting and dispatching, such as the problem of the vehicle itself on the way or encountering force majeure. The causes of accidents, road closures, etc.; the main differences in time are as follows:

1. Docking time of each internal line: The transshipment center of the freight transport enterprise, the operation line is divided into main line and branch line. The operation time of the branch line is completely connected with the main line time. This is the extremely strict docking time, each main network. Whether the line can be issued on time or not, each branch cargo can catch up with the main grid in time. This time point often needs to be both planned and realistic, with strict control and consistent timeliness.


2. Punctuality of operation time of internal transshipment center: whether each arriving vehicle can complete a unloading within a specified time, the punctuality of the loading and unloading truck and the punctuality of departure are all tests of the operational capacity of the internal transshipment center. From 9.6 meters to 12.5 meters to 16.5 meters, the operating time of each car is standard and recorded.


3. The quasi-point of the mainline transportation capacity: The on-time rate of the mainline transportation vehicles directly affects the quality of the delivered products. At the same time, it directly tests the ability of the next link to operate. Domestic and imported cars, high-speed and national roads, to a certain extent, Affecting the efficiency in transit, the punctuality of mainline transportation capacity is also a major factor affecting the ability to deliver products on time.


The above three points of freight and courier should be exchanged in many cases, there are transshipments, in this internal link, each has its own basic tricks, it should be said that each has its advantages, but only one purpose is to transfer the goods faster To the next destination! Then the following three points are slightly different:


4. Tools at the time of distribution: The main body of the shipping company's distribution tools is automobiles and small trucks. In some cities, there are also roads where trucks are forbidden. Therefore, in the time of distribution, the freight company's vehicles have many restrictions; the express delivery companies are point-to-point trucks. Or Iveco to solve, most of the point-to-door delivery of electric vehicles, fast, flexible urban areas, timely and accurate delivery of small items, there is no limit to the road.


5, traffic conditions on the way to the distribution: the freight company's vehicles are most afraid of congestion in the way of distribution, traffic conditions on the road determines the time of the freight company in the distribution, many cities in the morning and evening peaks are a nightmare for freight companies; express companies During the delivery of the vehicle, very few trucks or Iveco basically avoid traffic jams or half avoidance at the point of arrival. At the same time, on the way from point to door to building, traffic congestion will not substantially affect the distribution efficiency because it is in this area. The delivery tool of the link is superior, and often the end service can fill the fault of the previous paragraph.


6, the delivery path optimization: freight companies in the distribution, the basic is the night before the row alone (electronic single row, manual correction), the purpose is to carry out the optimal path or complete the delivery task, but each car's The scope of service is limited, and efficiency is not high; the express delivery company is a car over, landing, electric vehicles centralized, one point, complete landing assignment tasks, each courier has a fixed service area, the end of the distribution can begin Distribution, relatively high efficiency.


Service Group Diversity


The service groups and objects of freight and express delivery are very different. The group of freight services mainly consists of hands-on workshops, small and medium-sized enterprises, and large-scale enterprises. The requirements are relatively strict, and there are different regulatory requirements for each link of the goods; express delivery companies Most of them are individual or small pieces of goods in the enterprise. Customers require slightly less stringent requirements. They only require fast, on time, and excellent prices.


1, individual owners: freight companies sent to individual goods is basically based on 50 kilograms of the main goods, there are few small pieces of goods; express delivery companies is just the opposite, the main body is the individual owners, especially after the rise of e-commerce small Parcel-based, letters and small commodities.


2. Small and medium-sized enterprises: The main customer groups of freight transport companies are multi-ticket and multi-subsidiary, and some have fixed-term settlement periods. At the same time, this section also chooses express delivery when there are special transportation requirements, such as samples.


3. Large- and medium-sized enterprises: The large customer groups of freight transport companies. Most of these large-scale enterprises are contract customers of freight transport companies, settlement customers, full-time service personnel and fixed service resources, and large-ticket, large-lot, multi-ticket and multiple-pieces are main bodies. Some of the company’s goods are mostly issued by freight companies. The express delivery industry mainly focuses on special transportation. Samples are removed. For example, some items that require faster time will use express delivery companies.


4, special industry enterprises (such as pharmacies, hospitals, bookstores, e-commerce companies, supermarket companies): This part of the industry are basically half of the express delivery industry and freight companies, such as medicine, which is a highly professional industry, are basically Medicine logistics-based transportation of freight companies, such as Sinopharm, Chinese, Kyushu, and so on, while courier is the main body of e-commerce drug transport, currently in the domestic 11 home appliance business pharmacies are based on express delivery.

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